DeRosier, M. E., & Kupersmidt, J. B. (1991). Costa Rican children’s perceptions of their social networks. Developmental Psychology, 27(4), 656-662.
Cultural differences in Costa Rican and US children’s perceptions of their relationships with social network members were examined. Fourth- and 6th-grade children (N = 358) in both countries were given Furman and Buhrmester’s (1985) Network of Relationships Inventory (NRI), which assessed 6 qualities of relationships (intimacy, conflict, companionship, affection, satisfaction, and instrumental aid) with 6 persons (mother, father, favorite sibling, favorite grandparent, same-sex best friend, and teacher). Costa Rican children rated their relationships with most persons more positively than did US children. Costa Rican family members and teachers played a relatively more important role than did best friends. Developmental and gender differences were also reported.